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· Celebrate! Holidays in the USA: Columbus Day
· Columbus and the Age of Discovery
· Columbus Day
· Columbus Navigation Homepage
· Entdeckcung Amerikas
· History of Columbus Day
· Italian American Culture & History: Columbus
· Outline of American History : Early America
· Today in History: Columbus Day

Original Documents

· Bordbuch der ersten Fahrt
· Christopher Columbus: Extracts from Journal, 1492
· Columbus' Letter to the King and Queen of Spain, 1494
· The Columbus Letter
· Presidential Proclamation - Columbus Day 2009

Exhibits -

· 1492 - An Ongoing Voyage
· The Age of Exploration
· Exploring Early America


sailing ships

This day commemorates Italian navigator Christopher Columbus' landing in the New World on October 12, 1492. Most nations of the Americas observe this holiday on October 12, but in the United States, annual observances take place on the second Monday in October. The major celebration of the day takes place in New York City, which holds a huge parade each year.

See also:
About the USA > Society > Native Americans
About the USA > U.S. History > Early America

Feature Article
Holiday commemorates explorer Columbus' landing in the New World in 1492
Columbus Day is the annual U.S. commemoration of explorer Christopher Columbus' landing in the New World (at San Salvador Island, also known as Waitling Island, today part of the British Bahamas) on October 12, 1492. Columbus was not the first European successfully to cross the Atlantic. Viking sailors are believed to have established a short-lived settlement in Newfoundland sometime in the 11th century, and scholars have argued for a number of other possible pre-Columbian landings. Columbus, however, initiated the lasting encounter between Europeans and the indigenous peoples of the Western Hemisphere.
A number of nations celebrate this encounter with annual holidays: Discovery Day in the Bahamas, Hispanic Day in Spain, and Día de la Raza in much of Latin America. In 1971, Congress moved the U.S. holiday from October 12 to the second Monday in October, to afford workers a long holiday weekend. In the United States, Columbus Day is typically a celebration of Italian and Italian-American cultural heritage, Columbus generally being considered a native of Genoa. (, October 9, 2008.)
For Kids
· Chrisoph Columbus und die Entdeckung Amerikas
· Christopher Columbus
· The Journey of Christopher Columbus
· Just Where Was Columbus?
· Seeds of Change Garden

Teacher Resources

· Beyond Columbus: Teaching the Lessons of 1492
· The Indians' Discovery of Columbus
· Other Worlds: The Voyage of Columbus
· Should We Celebrate Columbus Day?
  More Links
· Christopher Columbus: Internet Resources for His Life and Times
· Columbus Day
· Discoverers Web: Columbus Link Page
· Yahoo! Holidays and Observance: Columbus Day
Texts are abridged from U.S. State Department IIP publications and other U.S. government materials.
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Updated: September 2010