History of the United States > World War II
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· American Cultural History: 1940 - 1949 (Kingwood College Library)
· Grolier's World War II Commemoration Site
· History Place Timeline - World War II in the Pacific
· Japanese Internment History (Children of the Camps.org)
· Manhattan Project (National Atomic Museum)
· Outline of American History: New Deal and World War CD
· Outline of American Literature: Modernism and Experimentation CD
· Pearl Harbor Remembered (Pearl Harbor Memorial Center)
· The Good War and Those Who Refused to Fight in it (PBS)
· Timetable U.S. Diplomatic History: Diplomacy of the Second World War (U.S. Department of State)
· US Geschichte CD
· Zahlen & Fakten U.S. Geschichte CD
· Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy (Avalon Project, Yale University): World War II
· History in Song: World War II (Universität Mainz)
· Letters from Japanese-American Internment Camps (Japanese American National Museum)
· Online Copyright Free Photographs: World War II (Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library)
· The Atomic Bomb and the End of World War II - Primary Sources (National Security Archives)
Exhibits - Digital Images
· A More Perfect Union: Japanese-Americans and the Constitution (Smithsonian)
· Kilroy Was Here: The 1940s Revisited (Ohio Historical Society)
· National Archives: A People at War
For High School Students
· American Elementary Schools: 1940s (Think Quest)
· Jump Back in Time - Depression & WWII (Library of Congress)
· Academic Info: America in WWII
· National Archives: Teaching with Documents: The Great Depression and WWII (1929 - 1945)
· Was the U.S. Ready for Pearl Harbor (National Geographic)
· USA: Geschichte, Gesellschaft, Wirtschaft: Weg zur Weltmacht 1898 - 1945 (Informationen zur Politischen Bildung)
· World War II (ProTeacher)
· Grolier Online - World War II Links
· WWW Virtual Library: History: USA 1940 - 1949
· WWII Links on the Internet (University of San Diego)
Before Roosevelt's second term was well under way, his domestic program was overshadowed by a new danger little noted by average Americans: the expansionist designs of totalitarian regimes in Japan, Italy and Germany. As Germany, Italy and Japan continued their aggression, the United States announced that no country involved in the conflict could look to it for aid. Neutrality legislation, enacted from 1935 to 1937, prohibited trade with or credit to any of the warring nations. Neutrality was also the initial American response to the outbreak of war in Europe in 1939.
With the fall of France and the air war against Britain in 1940, the debate intensified between those who favored aiding the democracies and the isolationists. In the end, the interventionist argument won. The United States joined Canada in a Mutual Board of Defense, and aligned with the Latin American republics in extending collective protection to the nations in the Western Hemisphere. Congress voted immense sums for rearmament and in early 1941 approved the Lend-Lease Program, which enabled President Roosevelt to transfer arms and equipment to any nation (notably Great Britain, the Soviet Union and China) deemed vital to the defense of the United States. The 1940 presidential election yielded another majority for Roosevelt and for the first time in U.S. history, a president was elected to a third term.
On December 7, 1941, the Japanese bombed the U.S. Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. On December 8, Congress declared a state of war with Japan; three days later its allies Germany and Italy declared war on the United States. The nation rapidly geared itself for mobilization of its people and its entire industrial capacity. All the nation's activities -- farming, manufacturing, mining, trade, labor, investment, communications, even education and cultural undertakings -- were in some fashion brought under new and enlarged controls. By the end of 1943, approximately 65 million men and women were in uniform or in war-related occupations.
The western Allies decided that their essential military effort was to be concentrated in Europe, where the core of enemy power lay, while the Pacific theater was to be secondary. On D-Day, June 6, 1944, Allied forces landed in Normandy. On August 25, Paris was liberated. By February and March 1945, troops advanced into Germany. On May 7, Germany surrended. The war in the Pacific continued after Germany's surrender. On August 6, an atomic bomb was dropped on the city of Hiroshima and on August 8, an atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki. On August 14, Japan agreed to terms set at Potsdam on July 26 and on September 2, 1945, Japan formally surrendered.
About the USA > History of German-American Relations
Texts are abridged from U.S. State Department IIP publications and other U.S. government materials. What kind of information materials are available?
CD: These documents are available in fulltext format on the About the USA CD-ROM. Teachers: Request a copy for classroom use.
L: Selected documents are available in German as well as other languages, including Arabic, Chinese, French, Spanish, Persian and Turkish.
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