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The Regions of the United States | Facts & Statistics

Indiana, the "Hoosier State"

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Indiana means "land of the Indians." It joined the Union in 1816 as the 19th state. Indiana is a small state with a large population. The state's nickname is "Hoosier State" and its residents are commonly referred to as "Hoosiers" although no one seems certain just how the name originated. Maybe it has its origins in "Who's there?". This way the Indiana pioneers greeted strangers. It could also come from "husher", a colloquial term for someone, who uses his fists to keep someone else from speaking (="to hush"). Indiana is a state of mostly small towns and midsize cities. Its largest city and capital is Indianapolis, where the nation's most famous auto race, the Indianapolis 500, is held each year. Indiana has broad, fertile plains and is a part of the Corn Belt; but, it is also a manufacturing center. The varied landscape of the state offers a wide variety of activities.

Indiana bedeutet "Land der Indianer". 1816 wurde es der 19. Bundesstaat. Indiana ist ein kleiner Bundesstaat der USA mit einer umfangreichen Bevölkerung. Indiana wird „Hoosier State" genannt, und seine Bewohner heißen „Hoosiers", wobei die Herkunft dieses bekannten Spitznamens unbekannt ist. Er könnte von der Frage „Who's there?" kommen, mit der die Pioniere Indianas Fremde zu grüßen pflegten, oder von „husher", einer umgangssprachlichen Bezeichnung für einen kampflustigen Menschen, der andere mit seinen Fäusten zum Schweigen bringen (="to hush") konnte. Indiana ist ein Bundesstaat mit vorwiegend kleinen und mittelgroßen Städten. Die größte Stadt und die Hauptstadt sind Indianapolis, wo auch das berühmteste Autorennen Amerikas, das Indianapolis 500, stattfindet. Indiana hat große, fruchtbare Ebenen und gehört zum Corn Belt, dem „Maisgürtel", ist aber gleichzeitig ein Zentrum der herstellenden Industrie. Die abwechslungsreiche Landschaft des Bundesstaates bietet sich für die unterschiedlichsten Aktivitäten an.

Governor: Mitch Daniels, R. (to Jan. 2009)
Senators: Evan Bayh, D (to Jan. 2011); Richard G. Lugar, R (to Jan. 2013)
House of Representatives: 9 districts | Search by zip code

Population (July 2005): 6,272,000; National Rank: 15; Percent change since April 2000: 3.1%
Land Area: 35,870 sq mi. (92,904 sq km); National Rank: 38
10 largest cities (2005 est):
Indianapolis, 784,118; Fort Wayne, 223,341; Evansville, 115,918; South Bend, 105,262; Gary, 98,715; Hammond, 79,217; Bloomington, 69,017; Muncie, 66,164; Lafayette, 60,459; Carmel, 59,243

Total Gross State Product 2005 prel. (billions of current dollars): 238.6
Per Capita Personal Income 2005: $31,276; National Rank: 33 (90% of the national average)
State Exports 2005 (millions of dollars): 14,476; National Rank: 11
Corn, soybeans, hogs, cattle, dairy products, eggs.
Industry: Steel, electric equipment, transportation equipment, chemical products, petroleum and coal products, machinery.

State of Indiana: Official State Homepage
· Project VoteSmart
State and Local Government on the Internet


· Indiana Profile - Fedstats
· U.S. Census Bureau: 2000 Data for the State of Indiana
· U.S. Census Bureau: State Data Centers: Indiana


· Indiana - Regional Accounts Data

Indiana State Information Center
· Indiana

State of Indiana: State Tourist Office
· Indiana's State Parks & Reservoirs

For High School Students
Explore the States
State Report: Indiana
Stately Knowledge (The Internet Public Library)

Teacher Resources
ProTeacher: Lessons by State: Indiana

Link Lists
· Indiana (Google)
Indiana (Yahoo)
· Federal, State & Local Government Site

Texts are abridged from U.S. State Department IIP publications and other U.S. government materials.
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Updated: May 2008