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Iowa, the "Corn State" "Hawkeye State"

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Named for the Iowa River, which was named for the Iowa, or Ioway, Indians, Iowa joined the Union in 1846 as the 29th state. The state is also called "Hawkeye State" as a tribute to chief Black Hawk, leader of the Sac Indians, who after their unsuccessful fight against white settlers were relocated to Iowa. Iowa, with its fertile prairie lands and heavily agricultural economy, is often considered to be the typical Midwestern state. Although it is sometimes called the "Corn State," Iowa really is a breadbasket for the U.S., with 90 percent of its land devoted to farming. Hunting and fishing are among the most popular forms of outdoor recreation. Camping, hiking, riding, water sports activities, and other active kinds of recreation attract large numbers of people to the state's numerous parks. Iowa has sites of considerable historic or archaeological interest; one of the best-known is located at Effigy Mounds National Monument, in northeastern Iowa.

Der Staat wurde nach dem Fluß Iowa benannt, der wiederum nach den Iowa oder Ioway Indianern benannt wurde. 1846 wurde Iowa der 29. Bundesstaat. Iowa wird auch „Hawkeye State" genannt, als Tribut an Häuptling Black Hawk. Er war ein Anführer des Volksstammes der Sac, die nach erfolglosem Kampf gegen die Ansiedlung von Weißen nach Iowa umgesiedelt wurden. Iowa gilt mit seinen fruchtbaren Prärien und seiner großen Landwirtschaft als der typische Bundesstaat des Mittleren Westens. Obwohl er auch manchmal "Corn State" (Staat des Maises) genannt wird, ist Iowa eher der Brotkorb Amerikas. Mehr als 90% der Fläche werden landwirtschaftlich genutzt. Jagd und Fischfang gehören zu den beliebtesten „outdoor" Freizeitbeschäftigungen in Iowa. Camping, Wandern, Reiten, Wassersport und weitere sportliche Erholungsmöglichkeiten locken viele Besucher in die zahlreichen Parks. Iowa hat Sehenswürdigkeiten von beträchtlicher historischer und archäologischer Bedeutung aufzuweisen; eine der bekanntesten ist das Effigy Mounds National Monument im Nordosten Iowas.

Des Moines
Governor: Chet Culver, D (Jan. 2007 to Jan. 2011)
Senators: Chuck Grassley, R (to Jan. 2011); Tom Harkin, D (to Jan. 2015)
House of Representatives: 5 districts | Search by zip code

Population (July 2005):
2,966,000; National Rank: 30; Percent change since April 2000: 1.4%
Land Area: 55,875 sq mi. (144,716 sq km); National Rank:
10 largest cities (2005 est):
Des Moines, 194,163; Cedar Rapids, 123,119; Davenport, 98,845; Sioux City, 83,148; Waterloo, 66,483; Iowa City, 62,887; Council Bluffs, 59,568; Dubuque, 57,798; West Des Moines, 52,768; Ames, 52,263

Total Gross State Product 2005 prel. (billions of current dollars): 114.3
Per Capita Personal Income 2005:
$32,315; National Rank: 28
State Exports 2002 (millions of dollars): 7,348; National Rank: 27
Hogs, corn, soybeans, oats, cattle, dairy products.
Industry: Food processing, machinery, electric equipment, chemical products, printing and publishing, primary metals.

State of Iowa: Official State Homepage
· Project VoteSmart
· State and Local Government on the Internet

· Iowa Profile - Fedstats
· U.S. Census Bureau: 2000 Data for the State of Iowa
· U.S. Census Bureau: State Data Centers: Iowa

· Iowa - Regional Accounts Data

· State Profiles
· InfoPlease
· Iowa

State of Iowa: State Tourist Office
· Iowa State Parks (State of Iowa)
Map (MapQuest)

For High School Students

· Explore the States
· Stately Knowledge
State Report: Iowa

Teacher Resources
ProTeacher: Lessons by State: Iowa

Link Lists
· Iowa (Google)
· Iowa (Yahoo)
· Federal, State & Local Government Site

Texts are abridged from U.S. State Department IIP publications and other U.S. government materials.
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Updated: August 2009