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The Regions of the United States | Facts & Statistics

Maryland, the "Free State" "Old Line State"

Maryland Flag
State Flag
Maryland Seal
State Seal

It's believed that Lord Baltimore, who received a charter for the land in 1632, named the state after Queen Henrietta Maria, wife of King Charles I. One of the original 13 states to join the Union (in 1788), Maryland is in the middle of the Eastern Seaboard. The Mason and Dixon line - marking the boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland - was drawn in the 1760s to settle a dispute between the Penn and Calvert families. In addition it is the traditional boundary between the North and the South. Chesapeake Bay, which cuts deep into Maryland, provides the state with several excellent harbors including Baltimore and Annapolis, the home of the United States Naval Academy. The long Chesapeake Bay shoreline offers opportunities for boating, fishing and swimming. Old mansions and historic sites throughout the state appeal to visitors. One of Maryland's most famous annual events is the Preakness Stakes, a horse race run each May at the Pimlico race track in Baltimore.

Es wird angenommen, dass Lord Baltimore, der 1632 für das Land eine Vertrag erhielt, den Staat zu Ehren der Königin Henrietta Maria, Frau von Charles I, benannt. Maryland ist eine der 13 ersten Kolonien, die sich dem Staatenverbund anschlossen (1788). Es liegt in der Mitte der Ostküste. Die Mason und Dixon Grenze - zugleich die Grenze zwischen Pennsylvania und Maryland - wurde dort in den 1760er Jahren gezogen um einen Steit zwischen den Familien Penn und Calvert zu schlichten. Sie ist zudem die traditionelle Grenze zwischen dem Norden und dem Süden. An der Chesapeake Bay, einer Bucht, die tief in den Bundesstaat hineinragt, liegen mehrere ausgezeichnete Häfen, einschliesslich Baltimore und Annapolis, die Heimat der United States Naval Academy. Der lange Küstenstreifen der Chesapeake Bay bietet sich zum Bootfahren, Angeln, und Schwimmen an. Alte Bauwerke und historische Stätten findet der Besucher im gesamten Bundesstaat. Eines der größten jährlichen Ereignisse in Maryland ist ein Pferderennen namens „Preakness Stakes", das jeweils im Mai auf der Pimlico Pferderennbahn in Baltimore stattfindet.

Governor: Martin O'Malley, D (Jan. 2007 to Jan. 2011)
Senators: Barbara A. Mikulski, D (to Jan. 2011); Benjamin Cardin (Jan. 2007 to 2013)
House of Representatives: 8 districts | Search by zip code

Population (July 2005):
5,600,000; National Rank: 19; Percent change since April 2000: 5.7%
Land Area: 9,775 sq mi. (25,316 sq km); National Rank:
10 largest cities (2005 est):
Baltimore, 635,815; Frederick, 57,907; Gaithersburg, 57,698; Rockville, 57,402; Bowie, 53,878; Hagerstown, 38,326; Annapolis, 36,300; Salisbury, 26,295; College Park, 25,171; Greenbelt, 22,242

Total Gross State Product 2005 prel. (billions of current dollars): 244.9
Per Capita Personal Income 2005: $41,760; National Rank: 4
State Exports 2005 (millions of dollars):
7,199; National Rank: 28
Seafood, poultry and eggs, dairy products, nursery stock, cattle, soybeans, corn.
Industry: Electric equipment, food processing, chemical products, printing and publishing, transportation equipment, machinery, primary metals, coal, tourism.

State of Maryland Official Homepage
· Project VoteSmart
State and Local Government on the Internet

· Maryland Profile - Fedstats
· U.S. Census Bureau: 2000 Data for the State of Maryland
· U.S. Census Bureau: State Data Centers: Maryland

· Maryland - Regional Accounts Data

All About Maryland
· Maryland


· State Tourist Office
· State Parks and Forests
· Map

For High School Students
Explore the States
· State Report: Maryland
Stately Knowledge

Teacher Resources
ProTeacher: Lessons by State: Maryland

Link Lists
· Federal, State & Local Government Site
Maryland (Google)
· Maryland (Yahoo)

Texts are abridged from U.S. State Department IIP publications and other U.S. government materials.
Any reference obtained from this server to a specific commercial product, process, or service does not constitute or imply an endorsement by the United States Government of the product, process, or service, or its producer or provider. The views and opinions expressed in any referenced document do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government.
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Updated: May 2008