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Massachusetts, the "Colony State" "Bay State"

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The colony was named after a local Indian tribe whose name means "a large hill place." Massachusetts was one of the six New England states, and one of the first 13 states in the Union (it entered in 1788). The Pilgrims established their settlement at Plymouth in 1620, arriving on the "Mayflower". They were Puritans, who established the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The birthplace of many of the ideals of the American Revolution, Massachusetts attracted people who believed in self-government. Massachusetts is the sixth smallest state of the United States but it stands among the leaders in many fields. Universities in and around Boston help make the area one of the world's great cultural, educational, medical and research centers. Historic sites date back to the Pilgrims, to colonial witchcraft trials, and to the Revolutionary War. Skiing brings many visitors to the Berkshire Hills and to other parts of the state. The Atlantic Ocean and many lakes and rivers also attract water sports enthusiasts.

Die Kolonie wurde nach einem Indianerstamm der Region, dessen Name "Ort eines großen Hügels" bedeutet, benannt. Massachusetts war einer der sechs Neuenglandstaaten, und einer der ersten 13 Bundesstaaten, die sich zu einer Vereinigung zusammenschlossen (1788). Die auf der "Mayflower" angekommenen Pilgerväter gründeten ihre Siedlung in Plymouth 1620. Sie waren Puritaner und gründeten die Massachusetts Bay Colony. Als Geburtsort vieler der Ideale der amerikanischen Revolution zog Massachusetts viele Personen an, die an Autonomie glaubten. Massachusetts ist der sechstkleinste Bundesstaat der Vereinigten Staaten, aber führend auf vielen Gebieten. Die Universitäten in und um Boston tragen dazu bei, dass die Region eines der größten Zentren für Kultur, Bildung, Medizin und Forschung ist. Historische Stätten reichen zurück bis in die Zeiten der Pilgerväter, der kolonialen Hexenprozesse und des Unabhängigkeitskrieges. Viele Besucher kommen zum Skifahren in die Berkshire Hills und andere Skigebiete des Bundesstaates. Der Atlantik sowie zahlreiche Seen und Flüsse ziehen Wassersportler nach Massachusetts.

Governor: Deval Patrick, D (to Jan. 2011)
Senators: Scott Brown, R. (to Jan. 2013); John F. Kerry, D (to Jan. 2015)
House of Representatives: 10 districts | Search by zip code

Population (July 2005):
6,399,000; National Rank: 13; Percent change since April 2000: 0.8%
Land Area: 7,838 sq mi. (20,300 sq km); National Rank: 44

10 largest cities (2005 est): Boston, 559,034; Worcester, 175,898; Springfield, 151,732; Lowell, 103,111; Cambridge, 100,135; Brockton, 94,632; New Bedford, 93,102; Fall River, 91,802; Quincy, 90,250; Lynn, 88,792

Total Gross State Product 2005 prel. (billions of current dollars): 328.5
Per Capita Personal Income 2005: $44,289; National Rank: 2
State Exports 2005 (millions of dollars):
22,043; National Rank: 10
Seafood, nursery stock, dairy products, cranberries, vegetables
Industry: Machinery, electric equipment, scientific instruments, printing and publishing, tourism.

State of Massachussetts: Official State Homepage
· Project VoteSmart
· State and Local Government on the Internet

· Massachussetts Profile - Fedstats
· U.S. Census Bureau: 2000 Data for the State of Massachussetts
· U.S. Census State Bureau: Data Centers: Massachussetts

· Massachussetts - Regional Accounts Data

· Massachusetts


State of Massachusetts Tourist Office
Forests and Park
Map (Mapquest)

For High School Students
· Explore the States
·State Report: Massachusetts
Stately Knowledge

Teacher Resources
ProTeacher: Lessons by State: Massachusetts

Link Lists
· Federal, State & Local Government Site
· Massachusetts (Google)
Massachusetts (Yahoo)

Texts are abridged from U.S. State Department IIP publications and other U.S. government materials.
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Updated: February 2010