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North Dakota, the "Peace Garden State"

North Dakota Flag
State Flag
North Dakota
State Seal

North Dakota got its name from the Dakota division of the Sioux Indians who lived on the plains before the Europeans arrived. "Dakota" means "friend." In 1889, North Dakota was admitted to the Union as the 39th state. On the same day, South Dakota was admitted. North Dakota lies in the center of the North American continent. It is mainly a farm state and most of its industries (food processing and farm equipment) are connected to farming. Farms and ranches stretch from the flat Red River Valley, in the east, across rolling plains, to the rugged Badlands in the west.  North Dakota's crisp autumn days attract hunters to streams and lakes where migrating fowl pause on their way south. Summer visitors to the state enjoy the exciting rodeos that are held in numerous communities and colorful Indian ceremonies that are conducted on reservations in the state.

North Dakota erhielt seinen Namen von dem Dakota-Stamm der Sioux Indianer, die vor der Ankunft der Europäer in der Prärie lebten. "Dakota" bedeutet "Freund". 1889 wurde North Dakota als 39. Bundesstaat aufgenommen. Zeitgleich wurde auch South Dakota zum Bundesstaat. North Dakota liegt im Zentrum des nordamerikanischen Kontinents. Er ist in erster Linie ein Bundesstaat des Ackerbaus und die meisten seiner Industrien (Lebensmittelverarbeitung und Landmaschinen) stehen mit dem Ackerbau im Zusammenhang. Farmen und Ranches erstrecken sich vom flachen Red River Valley im Osten über sanfte Ebenen bis zu den rauhen Badlands im Westen. An den frischen Herbsttagen in North Dakota zieht es Jäger an die Flüsse und Seen, wo Zugvögel auf dem Weg nach Süden eine Pause einlegen. Sommerurlauber genießen die aufregenden Rodeos, die in vielen Orten stattfinden, sowie die bunten Festlichkeiten in den Indianerreservaten.

Governor: John Hoeven, R (to Dec. 2008)
Senators: Kent Conrad, D (to Jan. 2013); Byron L. Dorgan, D (to Jan. 2011)
House of Representatives: 1 district |
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Population (July 2005):
637,000; National Rank: 48; Percent change since April 2000: -0.9%
Land Area: 70,704 sq mi. (183,123 sq km); National Rank:
10 largest cities (2000): Fargo, 90,599; Bismarck, 55,532; Grand Forks, 49,321; Minot, 36,567; Mandan, 16,718; Dickinson, 16,010; Jamestown, 15,527; West Fargo, 14,940; Williston, 12,512; Wahpeton, 8,586

Total Gross State Product 2005 prel. (billions of current dollars): 24.2
Per Capita Personal Income 2005:
$31,395; National Rank: 32
State Exports 2005 (millions of dollars):
1,185; National Rank: 46
Wheat, cattle, barley, sunflowers, milk, sugar beets.
Industry: Food processing, machinery, mining, tourism.

State of North Dakota Official Homepage
· Project VoteSmart
State and Local Government on the Internet

· North Dakota Profile - Fedstats
· U.S. Census Bureau: 2000 Data for the State of North Dakota
· U.S. Census Bureau: State Data Centers: North Dakota

· North Dakota - Regional Accounts Data

Historical Photographs of the Northern Great Plains
· InfoPlease
Lewis & Clark in North Dakota
· North Dakota


State of North Dakota Tourist Office
Map (MapQuest)
North Dakota Parks & Recreation

For High School Students
· State Report
· Explore the States (Library of Congress)
· Stately Knowledge (The Internet Public Library)

Teacher Resources
ProTeacher: Lessons by State: North Dakota

Link Lists
· Federal, State & Local Government Site
· North Dakota (Google)
North Dakota (Yahoo)

Texts are abridged from U.S. State Department IIP publications and other U.S. government materials.
Any reference obtained from this server to a specific commercial product, process, or service does not constitute or imply an endorsement by the United States Government of the product, process, or service, or its producer or provider. The views and opinions expressed in any referenced document do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government.

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Updated: May 2008