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Texas, the "Lone Star State"
: TX

Texas Flag
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Texas Seal
State Seal

The name Texas is a Spanish name, which comes from an Indian word meaning "friends" or "allies." The Republic of Texas achieved its independence from Mexico in 1836, the same year as the famous siege of the Alamo in which pioneers Jim Bowie and Davy Crockett were slain. It became the 28th state in 1845. Texas is the second largest state. Although it has a wild frontier history, today Texas is a major producer of oil and has important centers of industry and finance. Frontier cowboys with their 10-gallon hats have long been a symbol of the state. Cowboys still ride across the plains driving great herds of cattle;  and cowboy hats and boots still make up the everyday dress of many rural Texans. However, the Texans of today are just as likely to be workers in an oilfield or scientists in a laboratory as they are to be cowboys. Some of the most popular resort centers in Texas are on the Gulf Coast. Sandy beaches stretch along most of the coast, making it ideal for swimming, boating and deep sea fishing. 

Die Bezeichnung Texas ist ein spanischer Name, der sich von einem indianischen Wort für "Freunde" oder "Verbündete" ableitet. 1836 erlangte die Republik Texas seine Unabhängigkeit von Mexiko. Im selben Jahr kam es zur bekannten Belagerung der Alamo, in deren Verlauf die Pioniere Jim Bowie und Davy Crockett starben. Es wurde 1845 der 28. Bundesstaat. Texas ist der zweitgrößte Bundesstaat der Vereinigten Staaten. Obwohl es eine bewegte Geschichte an der Siedlungsgrenze hat, ist Texas ein Hauptproduzent von Öl und besitzt wichtige Industrie- und Bankenzentren. Die „Frontier Cowboys" mit ihren 10-Gallonen-Hüten waren lange ein Symbol für Texas. Es gibt immer noch Cowboys, die durch die weiten Ebenen reiten und riesige Viehherden vor sich her treiben. Und Cowboyhüte und -stiefel gehören immer noch zur Alltagskleidung vieler Texaner auf dem Land. Dennoch kann ein Texaner heute ebenso wahrscheinlich ein Arbeiter auf einem Ölfeld oder ein Wissenschaftler in einem Labor sein wie ein Cowboy. Einige der beliebtesten Urlaubsorte von Texas liegen an der Golfküste. Sandstrände ziehen sich entlang der Küste, die ideal ist zum Schwimmen, Bootfahren und Tiefseeangeln.

Governor: Rick Perry, R (to Jan. 2011)
Senators: John Cornyn, R (to Jan. 2015); Kay Bailey Hutchison, R (to Jan. 2013)
House of Representatives: 32 districts | Search by zip code

Population (July 2005):
22,860,000; National Rank: 2; Percent change since April 2000: 9.6%
Land Area: 261,914 sq mi. (678,358 sq km); National Rank:
10 largest cities (2005 est.): Houston, 2,016,582; San Antonio, 1,256,509; Dallas, 1,213,825; Austin, 690,252; Fort Worth, 624,067; El Paso, 598,590; Arlington, 362,805; Corpus Christi, 283,474; Plano, 250,096; Garland, 216,346

Total Gross State Product 2005 prel. (billions of current dollars): 982.4
Per Capita Personal Income 2005:
$32,462; National Rank: 27
State Exports 2005 (millions of dollars):
128,761; National Rank: 1
Agriculture: Cattle, cotton, dairy products, nursery stock, poultry, sorghum, corn, wheat.
Industry: Chemical products, petroleum and natural gas, food processing, electric equipment, machinery, mining, tourism.

State of Texas Official Homepage
· Project VoteSmart
· State and Local Government on the Internet


· Texas Profile - Fedstats
· U.S. Census Bureau: 2000 Data for the State of Texas
· U.S. Census Bureau: State Data Centers: Texas

· Texas - Regional Accounts Data


· The Handbook of Texas Online
· Wikipedia: Texas


State of Texas Tourist Office
· Map (MapQuest)
State of Texas: State Parks

For High School Students
· State Report
Explore the States
· Stately Knowledge (The Internet Public Library)

Teacher Resources
ProTeacher: Lessons by State: Texas
· (Your Source for Southwestern Cooking)

Link Lists
· Federal, State & Local Government Site
· Texas (Google)
· Texas (Yahoo)

Texts are abridged from U.S. State Department IIP publications and other U.S. government materials.
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Updated:January 2009