· Das Apollo Projekt Deutsch
· Encyclopedia Astronautica
· FAA Commercial Space Transportation (Federal Aviation Association)
· History of Space Exploration
· Mars Exploration Rover Mission (NASA)
· Mars Odyssey Orbiter: Mission to the Red Planet (Space.com)
· NASA Hubble Space Telescope Celebrates 15th Anniversary
· NASA Human Spaceflight
· NASA Scientific and Technical Information - Spinoff
· Origins: Galaxies, Stars, Planets, Life (NASA)
· A Renewed Spirit of Discovery (White House)
· SEDS: Students for the Exploration and Development of Space
· SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence)
· Skylab (John F. Kennedy Space Center)
· Space Science (NASA)
· Space Shuttle Columbia and her Crew (NASA)
· Space Tourism
· White House - In Focus: Space Exploration
Background Documents & Reports
· U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial (CRS, 2005) CD
· NASA's Space Shuttle Program: Issues for Congress Related to the Columbia Tragedy and "Return to Flight" (CRS, 2005) CD
· A Renewed Spirit of Discovery (2004)
· NASA’s Space Shuttle Columbia (CRS, 2003) CD
· NASA History Fact Sheet CD
· Trends in Space Commerce CD
· World Record of Space Launches CD
· Aeronautics and Space Report of the President
· Congressional Hearings and Reports from the Challenger Space Shuttle Accident (Government Printing Office)
· FBI: Unidentified Flying Objects (UFO)
· National Archives: Apollo 11 Flight Plan
· Space Day (Spaceday.com)
· NASA Multimedia Highlights
· NASA's Mars Exploration Program
Image above: STS121-S-002 -- These seven astronauts take a break from training to pose for the STS-121 crew portrait. Second from right is European Space Agency astronaut Thomas Reiter of Germany. Image credit: NASA. The Space Shuttle started its mission on July 4, 2006. More
The Space Age has run almost in tandem with the Atomic Age. In 1957, the Soviet Union launched the first satellite, Sputnik I, and the United States followed with Explorer I in 1958. The first manned space flights were made in the spring of 1961, first by Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin and then by American astronaut, Alan B. Shepard, Jr. In 1961, President Kennedy promised that Americans would walk on the moon before the decade was over and in July of 1969, Neil Armstrong stepped onto the moon's surface.
On April 12, 1981, the Space Shuttle orbiter Columbia lifted off from its pad at the Kennedy Space Center, six years after the last American astronaut returned from space following the cooperative U.S./USSR Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. Since 1981, there have been nearly one hundred Shuttle missions into Earth orbit, where a variety of scientific and practical activities have been accomplished.
President Ronald Reagan in 1984 committed the U.S. to developing a permanently occupied space station and with NASA invited other countries to join in the project. In 1991, President George Bush and Soviet Premier Mikhail Gorbachev agreed to joint Space Shuttle-Mir missions that later would lay the groundwork for cooperative space station efforts. President Bill Clinton in 1993 directed NASA to cut the program's cost and complexity while jump-starting the Station's research capabilities and bringing Russia into the fold. NASA carried out the President's directive, and in addition to the Russian hardware already built or under construction for the International Space Station, that nation's contributions to the program included the nine joint Shuttle-Mir missions conducted from 1994 through 1998.
The redesigned orbiting research center was named the "International Space Station." It provides more research opportunities, can carry more crew, requires less maintenance, generates higher power, and can handle contingencies more effectively than any spacecraft before it. Sixteen countries -- including 11 members of the European Space Agency -- today are members of the International Space Station Team.
In January 2004 President Bush announced a new vision for the Nation's space exploration program. The President committed the United States to a long-term human and robotic program to explore the solar system, starting with a return to the Moon that will ultimately enable future exploration of Mars and other destinations.
E. Aldrin on the Moon,
Photograph by N. Armstrong
From the first tentative steps of the 1969 moon landing to today's reusable space shuttle, the space program has produced a range of secondary uses of aerospace technology. Communications satellites transmit computer data, telephone calls, and radio and television broadcasts. Weather satellites furnish the data necessary to provide early warnings of severe storms. Space technology has generated thousands of products and services ranging from the lightweight materials used in running shoes to respiratory monitors.
Exhibits - Digital Images
· GPS: A New Constellation (National Air & Space Museum)
· The Space Race (National Air & Space Museum)
· To Fly is Everything (Virtual Museum Covering the Invention of the Airplane)
· The Wright Brothers (Henry Ford Museum)
· Earth and Beyond (DiscoverySchool.com)
· Life in Space: International Space Station (DiscoverySchool.Com)
· NASA Education Enterprise
· NASA Virtual Visits (Glenn Learning Technologies Project)
· Space Day Tool Kit (Spaceday.com)
· Understanding Space Travel (DiscoverySchool.com)
For High School Students
· Amazing Space (Space Telescope Science Institute)
· Aviation History On-Line Museum
· How Space Shuttles Work (HowStuffWorks.com)
· Hubble Hits (Discovery.com)
· Space Games (Spaceday.com)
· NASA Spacelink
· Paper Airplanes
· PlanetQuest (Exploration in Education, Space Teleskop Science Institute)
· Space Kids - Homework Page
· Hubble News & Views
· Librarians' Index to the Internet: Astronomy
· National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
· NASA Earth Observatory
· NASA History Office
· Space Telescope Science Institute
Texts are abridged from U.S. State Department IIP publications and other U.S. government materials. What kind of information materials are available?
CD: These documents are available in fulltext format on the About the USA CD-ROM. Teachers: Request a copy for classroom use.
L: Selected documents are available in German as well as other languages, including Arabic, Chinese, French, Spanish, Persian and Turkish.
Any reference obtained from this server to a specific commercial product, process, or service does not constitute or imply an endorsement by the United States Government of the product, process, or service, or its producer or provider. The views and opinions expressed in any referenced document do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government.
U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Germany /Public Affairs/ Information Resource Centers
Updated: May 2008