navigation bar U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Germany About the USA Sitemap Search Deutsch

Science & Technology > Introduction
I Biotechnology | Environmental Technology | Information Technology I
Medicine | Nuclear Science I

What kind of information materials are available?
CD: Texts available on CD version.Texts available in multiple languages.
Report 2020 Visions
· Sharing Science: Global Partnerships (DoS EJournal, Oc t06) CD  
· American Ass. for the Advancement of Science
· Council for Agricultural Science and Technology
· Department of Commerce: Office of Tech. Policy
Discover Magazine
MIT Technology Review
· National Science Foundation
The National Academies
· Science in the Headlines (The National Academies)
· White House Office of Science and Technology Policy

Original Documents
· Portrait of the USA: A Republic of Science CD
Visions 2020.2: Student Views on Transforming Education and Training Through Advanced Technologies (2005) CD
2020 Visions: Transforming Education and Training Through Advanced Technologies (2002) CD
· Science and Technology: Public Attitudes and Public Understanding (Capter 7 from "Science and Engineering Indicators 2004", NSF) CD 
· Science for the 21st Century. National Science and Technology Council. July 2004. CD
Science and Engineering Indicators 2006: Volume 1 | Volume 2
(National Science Foundation)

· Science Resources Statistics
(National Science Foundation)
· Statistical Abstract 2008: Science & Technology

Exhibits - Digital Images
· Tech Museum of Innovation
Yahooligans Directory: Museums and Exhibits (Science and Nature)

For High School Students
· Discovery Channel Online
Interactive Science (Explore Learning)
· How Things Work: The Physics of Everyday Life
Kid Info: Science
· Mad Scientist Network
· 19th Century Scientific American

Reeko's Mad Scientist Lab

· Science Snacks Online
The Hall of Science and Exploration
United States Geological Survey: The Learning Web
Why Files: Science Behind the News 


From its emergence as an independent nation, the United States has encouraged science and invention. It has done this by promoting a free flow of ideas, by encouraging the growth of "useful knowledge," and by welcoming creative people from all over the world. The United States Constitution itself reflects the desire to encourage scientific activity. It gives Congress the power "to promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries." This clause is the basis of the U.S. patent and trademark system.

Two of America's founding fathers were actually scientists of some repute. Benjamin Franklin conducted a series of experiments that proved that lightning is a form of electricity. Thomas Jefferson was a student of agriculture who introduced various types of rice, olive trees and grasses into the New World.

During the 19th century, Britain, France and Germany were the leading sources of new ideas in science and mathematics; but if the United States lagged behind in the formulation of theory, it excelled in using applied science. Because Americans lived so far from the well-springs of Western science and manufacturing, they often had to figure out their own ways of doing things. The result was a flow of important inventions. The great American inventors include Robert Fulton (the steamboat); Samuel F.B. Morse (the telegraph); Eli Whitney (the cotton gin); Cyrus McCormick (the reaper); the Wright Brothers (the powered flying machine) and Thomas Alva Edison, the most fertile of them all, with more than a thousand inventions credited to his name.

In the second half of the twentieth century, American scientists were increasingly recognized for their contributions to "pure" science, the formulation of concepts and theories. The changing pattern can be seen in the winners of the Nobel Prizes in physics and chemistry. During the first half-century of Nobel Prizes -- from 1901 to 1950 -- American winners were in a distinct minority in the science categories. Since 1950, Americans have won approximately half of the Nobel Prizes awarded in the sciences.

Teacher Resources
· Center for Improved Engineering and Science Education (CIESE)
· Lessons Plans Library Technology

· National Science Teachers Association Convention:
Q&A with the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy

· Teacher's Corner (Glenn Learning Technologies Project)
  Link Lists
· Archives of Women in Science and Engineering
· Science & Technology
FirstGov for Science
Librarians' Index to the Internet: Science
  Open Directory: Science Museums
· Science for Families
The Glossarist: Science Glossaries
  The Glossarist: Technology Glossaries 
Texts are abridged from U.S. State Department IIP publications and other U.S. government materials.
Any reference obtained from this server to a specific commercial product, process, or service does not constitute or imply an endorsement by the United States Government of the product, process, or service, or its producer or provider. The views and opinions expressed in any referenced document do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government.
US Embassy
U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Germany
/Public Affairs/ Information Resource Centers 
Updated: May 2008