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"I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all." 

Background The Pledge of Allegiance 
The Pledge of Allegiance: A Short History
PEW Forum: Pledge of Allegiance Resources
U.S. District Court/SOuthern District of West Virginia: The Pledge of Allegiance and Our Flag of the United States

Original Documents
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs: Celebrating America's Freedoms: The Pledge of Allegiance CD
Cornell University Law School: Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag; Manner of Delivery.

For High School Students
Social Studies for Kids: The History of the Pledge of Allegiance
Ben's Guide to U.S. Government: Songs and Oaths - The Pledge of Allegiance
Home of Heros: The Pledge of Allegiance

Teacher Resources
Lesson Plans Page: Pledge of Allegiance
EDSITEment: Pledge of Allegiance

magazinUSA: The Pledge of Allegiance

Link Lists
Yahoo > National Symbols and Songs > The Pledge of Allegiance


The Pledge of Allegiance received official recognition by Congress in an Act approved on June 22, 1942. However, the pledge was first published in 1892 in the Youth's Companion Magazine in Boston, Massachusetts to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America.

In its original version, the pledge read "my flag" instead of "the flag of the United States." The change in the wording was adopted in 1923. The phrase "under God" was added to the pledge by a Congressional act approved on June 14, 1954.

See also: About the U.S. > Government > The Flag

Texts are abridged from U.S. State Department IIP publications and other U.S. government materials.
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Updated: February 2009