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· Entdeckcung Amerikas
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· Italian American Culture & History: Columbus
· Outline of American History : Early America
· Today in History: Columbus Day
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· Christopher Columbus: Extracts from Journal, 1492
· Columbus' Letter to the King and Queen of Spain, 1494
· The Columbus Letter
· Presidential Proclamation - Columbus Day 2009
· 1492 - An Ongoing Voyage
· The Age of Exploration
· Exploring Early America
This day commemorates Italian navigator Christopher Columbus' landing in the New World on October 12, 1492. Most nations of the Americas observe this holiday on October 12, but in the United States, annual observances take place on the second Monday in October. The major celebration of the day takes place in New York City, which holds a huge parade each year.
Feature Article Holiday commemorates explorer Columbus' landing in the New World in 1492
Columbus Day is the annual U.S. commemoration of explorer Christopher Columbus' landing in the New World (at San Salvador Island, also known as Waitling Island, today part of the British Bahamas) on October 12, 1492. Columbus was not the first European successfully to cross the Atlantic. Viking sailors are believed to have established a short-lived settlement in Newfoundland sometime in the 11th century, and scholars have argued for a number of other possible pre-Columbian landings. Columbus, however, initiated the lasting encounter between Europeans and the indigenous peoples of the Western Hemisphere.
A number of nations celebrate this encounter with annual holidays: Discovery Day in the Bahamas, Hispanic Day in Spain, and Día de la Raza in much of Latin America. In 1971, Congress moved the U.S. holiday from October 12 to the second Monday in October, to afford workers a long holiday weekend. In the United States, Columbus Day is typically a celebration of Italian and Italian-American cultural heritage, Columbus generally being considered a native of Genoa. (America.gov, October 9, 2008.)
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Updated: September 2010