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CD: Texts available on CD version.Texts available in multiple languages.

· Amateur Athletic Union
· American Trails
· Athletes for a Better World
· Citizenship Through Sports Alliance
· Growing Up Healthy - Electr. Journal CD
· National Congress of State Games
· National Physical Fitness and Sports Month, 2009. A Proclamation by the President of the United States of America
· National Recreation and Park Association
· National Sports Foundation
· National Sportsmanship Day. Institute for International Sport
· Outdoor Recreation in America
· Outdoor Recreation Research
· Physical
Activity Topics
· Portrait of America: Export von Popkultur Deutsch CD

· Portrait of America: Exporting Popular Culture CD
· The President's Challenge
· The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports
· Recreational Opportunities on Federal Lands
· Recreational Activities
· Sport in Society
· Sports Illustrated
· Sports in America - Electr. Journal CD

· 2002 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts. Chapter 6: Participation in Other Leisure Activities. CD
· Sports Participation
· Statistical Abstract of the United States 2008. Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation CD
· Spotlight on Statistics: Sports and Exercises CD
· USA Map with Facts in Brief > Sports and Entertainment
· U.S. Physical Activity Statistics

President George W. Bush honors Muhammad Ali with the 2005 Presidential Medal of Freedom.
President George W. Bush honors Muhammad Ali with the 2005 Presidential Medal of Freedom.
More biographies ...

Sports play an important role in American society. They enjoy tremendous popularity but more important they are vehicles for transmitting such values as justice, fair play, and teamwork. Sports have contributed to racial and social integration and over history have been a "social glue" bonding the country together.

Early Americans like Benjamin Franklin and President Thomas Jefferson stressed the need for exercise and fitness promoting for example running and swimming. In the 20th century, American presidents Theodore Roosevelt, Dwight D. Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy continued to encourage physical activity.

President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports

President Dwight D. Eisenhower founded the President's Council on Youth Fitness in 1956 to encourage America's youth to make fitness a priority. The Council later became the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, including people of all ages and abilities and promoting fitness through sports and games. Today, the Council continues to play an important role in promoting fitness and healthy living in America.

The United States offers limitless pportunities to engage in sports - either as a participant or as a spectator. Team sports were a part of life in colonial North America. Native American peoples played a variety of ball games including some that may be viewed as earlier forms of lacrosse. The typical American sports of baseball, basketball ad football, however, arose from games that were brought to America by the first settlers that arrived from Europe in the 17th century. These games were re-fashioned and elaborated in the course of the 19th century and are now the most popular sports in the United States. Various social rituals have grown up around athletic contests. The local high school football or basketball game represents the biggest event of the week for residents in many communities across the United States. Fans of major university and professional football teams often gather in parking lots outside stadiums to eat a "tailgate" picnic lunch before kickoff, and for parties in front of television sets in each other's homes during the professional championship game, the Super Bowl. Thousands of baseball fans flee the snow and ice of the North for a week or two each winter by making a pilgrimage to training camps in the South and Southwest to watch up close their favorate players prepare for the spring opening of the professional baseball season.

Individual competitions accompanied the growth of team sports. Shooting and fishing contests were part of the colonial experince, as were running, boxing, and horse racing. Golf and tennis emerged in the 1800s. Recent decades have given birth to a wide variety of challenging acitivities and contests such as sail boarding, mountain biking, and sport climbing, collectively referred to as "extreme sports".


Texts are abridged from U.S. State Department IIP publications and other U.S. government materials.

For High School Students
· BAM! Body and Mind. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
· Fact Monster: Sports
· How Stuff Works > Sports Channel
· The Internet Public Library > Kidspace > Sport and Recreation
Sports as Social Studies

Teacher Resources
· The American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dance
BAM! Body and Mind. Teacher's Corner
· Josephson Institute Center for Sports Ethics: Sportsmanship
Games Kids Play
History of Sport, Recreation, and Leisure
· Outdoor Education

· P.E.4Life

· Physical Education
· Physical Education Resources for Teachers
· Physical Education Benchmarks
· Sports: Daily Lesson Plan
Yahoo > K-12 Physical Education


Link Lists
· A Directory of Website Resources
The Fitness
Google Web Directory: Recreation > Outdoors
· Google Web Directory: Sports
· Open Directory: Recreation > Outdoors
· Open Directory: Sports
The Sports
· The Virtual Library of Sports > American Sports
· Yahoo! Health > Fitness
· Yahoo! Recreation > Sports
· Yahoo! Recreation > Outdoors


Feature Articles [from]
In Their Own Words – Sports
· Fields of Dreams: American Sports Movies, by David J. Firestein
“Trinity” of Sports Demonstrates American Beliefs. Popular games cast light on moral decisions in real life, says religion scholar, by Craig A. Forney
· Sports Films Celebrate American Brand of Perseverance. Inspiring movies assert that nice guys really can finish first, by Yvette Ridenour
· Game On! Sports and Recreation Idioms in American English, by Jean Henry
· Playing Into the Future, by Mike Vogel
Half of American Leisure Time is spent Watching Television. Department of Labor Statistics show popularity of “transcendental vegetation”
·U.S. Presidential Candidates Use Sports To Woo Voters. Politicians sport the “common touch” with electorate, by Eric Green

Any reference obtained from this server to a specific commercial product, process, or service does not constitute or imply an endorsement by the United States Government of the product, process, or service, or its producer or provider. The views and opinions expressed in any referenced document do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government.
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Updated: July 2010